Extensive petroleum exploration in Sudan started in the mid-1970s, and this resulted in the discoveries of oil in the Upper Nile region. Despite the poverty levels, South Sudan contains many natural resources. Over 90% of this land is agriculturally productive land while 50% is prime agricultural land. With the right vision, with the right policies, we will be able to address this economic crisis. The Sudan’s main natural resource is petroleum. The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. The country is also one of the poorest, with poor infrastructure, high maternal mortality, and lack of basic facilities such as running water and electricity. Experts from the international mining sector believe that South Sudan is most likely to have several untapped mineral and metal resources such as gold, copper, uranium, and iron ore. South Sudan is a landlocked country and lacks infrastructure, forcing it to use the pipeline that goes through Sudan to export its oil to the international market. 1 . The country also has significant deposits of chromium ore, copper, iron ore, mica, silver, gold, tungsten, and zinc. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of South Africa? It is bordered by Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic. Production was suspended in 2013 in some fields such as the Toma South oilfield following the outbreak of violence and resumed in 2018. The natural resources of Sudan include; Petroleum. Currently the region supports 10-20 million head of cattle. Facts and statistics about the Natural resources of South Sudan. Members of the Civil Society Coalition on Natural Resources are urging the parties to the peace talks in Khartoum not to sign a deal that will allow Sudan to intervene in protecting oil fields. The estimated crude Chromium ore deposit in Sudan is about one million tons. In May 2017, the government of South Sudan signed a contract with two foreign companies; 4MB from Panama and Dove from Bangkok to commerce commercial gold production in the regions of Jubek and Kapoeta. A serious environmental issue in the Sudan, is desertification due to over-exploitation of the soil through human activity and due to climate change. He has had more than ten papers published on political ecology and land, and natural resource management issues . The White Nile (originating from the Central African lakes) and the Blue Nile (originating from Lake Tana, Ethiopia) merge in Khartoum to create the river Nile. 2011-03-23. Oil production has been affected by civil war and violence in the country. River Nile is the dominant geographic feature of Sudan, flowing 3,000 kilometres from Uganda in the south to Egypt in the north. Sudan is a northeastern African state that is surrounded by South Sudan, Libya, Eritrea, Chad, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Red Sea. 23. The country has to share all its oil revenues with the North equally. Natural resource and environmental factors and conflict analysis 10 BURUNDI 15 Natural resource factors 16 Minerals ... (DRC) and Sudan, the study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. By Sophy Owuor on August 27 2019 in Economics. South Sudan exports timber to the international market. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Sudan? It is the third largest country in Africa with a population size of 39 million. North Sudan has recently started promoting its gold mining sector. Petroleum. Some of the primary natural resources which contribute to Sudan’s GDP (gross domestic product) include: Petroleum. Some of its significant manganese reserves are situated in the Albeodh desert and the Red Sea Mountains. The primary Sudanese oil importers include India, Indonesia, South Korea, China, and Japan. tags: south sudan, south sudan crisis, water, water management, natural resources, conflict, food crisis, unep, resilience, May 2015 The struggle over natural resources , particularly pasture and water during the dry season, is a critical issue in many pastoral production areas of South Sudan and is one of the major causes of conflict between pastoral and farming communities in the country. South Sudan holds one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa, with fertile soils and abundant water supplies. 2.2. Sudan all About Natural Resources Conflicts. Other. It is an international river whose drainage basin includes 11 nations. Uranium and numerous other rare elements are mined in Butana, Red Sea, West and South Kordofan, and Darfur pit copper. The alluvial gold formation is mined along the River Nile and its branches while the quartz-vein formation is in the Blue Nile region, Obaidiya, and North Kurdufan. The iron ore reserves of Sudan are in Baljarawih and West Darfur (River Nile State), Abu Tolo Mountain (South Kordofan), and in the Red Sea hills. Of the total agricultural land, about 30 million hectares is considered arable land. South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011. The oil reserves in the country are estimated to be 472 million tons. Natural resources, co-dependence and peace in Sudan / 26 Jul 2017 In Sudan, a country with less than 18 days of rain per year, access to water resources and healthy pasture is especially vital to the survival of rural pastoralist tribes, for whom herding camels and sheep is a common livelihood providing them with milk, meat, and income. Nonconventional Water Resources. Sudanese gold is found in three geological formations: quartz-vein, Parenthesis Gossan, and Alluvial gold formation. Other tributaries of river Nile which flow through Sudan include Atbarah, Sobat, and Bahr el Ghazal rivers. Chromium deposits are found in the Red Sea Mountain region in the northeastern parts of the country, Nuba Mountains, and Inqasna Mountains. South Sudan Natural Resources. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of South Sudan? Topics . Sudan is facing a wide range of environmental, social and natural resource challenges such as deforestation, land degradation, loss of biodiversity and habitat, pollution of air, land, and water, conflicts over diminishing natural resources, food insecurity and … December, 2011 . It is the third-largest African nation by land area and the newest country in the world. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Mexico? Report. ا The National Natural Resources Commission (NFA) is a unit of the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, responsible for the management of forests in the Sudan. The Wau-Raga region has deep deposits which cover approximately 80,000 square kilometers, with iron ore concentration ranging from 22 to 90%. An Integrated Approach towards Natural Resources Management and Prevention of Resource-Based Conflicts in Sudan May 2015 International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 6(5):6-391 Gold production increased by over 1,200% from 7 tons in 2008 to over 90 tons in 2017. Sudan began exporting oil in October 2000, and currently petroleum export is one of their important industries which accounts for up to 80% of their total exports. Sustainable Natural Resource Management: Financed through the Global Environmental Facility, the project aided in the adoption of sustainable land and water management practices in more than 111,000 hectares of land in different parts of Sudan. The fighting between the troops and the rebels around the Toma South oilfield damaged several oil production facilities. These deposits are yet to be touched and merit further investigation. Kaoline is found in the southern parts of the Nile River State and some parts of Khartoum. The Nile is the primary source of water in Sudan. Sudan Sustainable Natural Resources Management Project (P129156) Process Framework. In 2010, the oil sector of Sudan accounted for 7.5% of the GDP, and … The deposits are located in conflict areas such as Juba, Raga-Wau-Rumbek, and Yambio up to the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although South Sudan has several deposits of iron ore, the mineral remains largely unexploited due to the ongoing civil war and lack of proper infrastructure. It was first discovered in southwestern Sudan in 1977, and a commercially viable find was made in 1980, but the civil war in the south prevented any exploitation of the oil deposits until the late 20th century. These deposits are also suitable for construction and manufacture of fertilizer, glass, and flux. Includes country demographics, geography, government, economy, telecommunications, transportation, military, and transnational issues. Here are the country’s major natural resources. Related content. The amount of aluminum reserve in the country is not known but the government estimates it to be approximately 10 million tons. Nevertheless, South Sudan does have abundant natural resources. Arable land is defined by FAO as land under temporary crops or pasture. Complete profile for South Sudan. Introduction Pastoralism is an important livelihood system and is one of the major land uses world-wide. Natural resource management and livelihood, food security and nutrition response, protection and recovery. The Nile River is the longest river on Earth and a main north-flowing river in the northeastern parts of Africa. Oil is a lucrative natural resource. Before gaining independence from Sudan, South Sudan produced approximately 85% of Sudanese oil. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Strategic Intervention 4.National, regional and international control of threats to Sudanese food chains Other potential areas include Anakanak, Nyangea, Karomi, Lauro, and Buno. National Natural Resources Commission. There are several marble deposits in the Kapoeta region. ... Sudan. South Sudan has a few aluminum deposits with at least three of the areas containing the mineral in the value above 4.5%. Resources and power. 2. Sudan's diverse natural resources can help support economic growth and development and can also be valuable assets in helping to rebuild the Darfur region and other parts of the country that have suffered years of conflict. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has been providing environmental support to Sudan since the 1990s. The iron ore reserves found in Wadi Halfa region and Baljrawih area are estimated to be over 2 billion tons. The secession of South Sudan has brought about disparity in both the countries’ economies. for Environment and Natural Resources in Sudan. Gypsum reserve was identified in Mount Sagomhas and the Beraat area while graphite is in the Blue Nile. Although South Sudan has large agricultural and arable land, only 5% of the arable land is under agriculture. INTRODUCTION . Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) officials such as Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan announce their support for the integration of South Sudanese and Sudan natural resource marketing, increasing the likelihood of SAF forces overrunning and occupying South Sudan's oil assets. Before the succession of South Sudan, the Sudan was the largest country in Africa. Three-quarters of the oil reserves being in South Sudan, North Sudan struggles to maintain its economy. The great River Nile crosses the whole country from south to north. 1 Working Paper Natural Resources, Governance and Pastoralism in Sudan . The importance of natural resources in Darfur is derived from the fact that the predominant rural livelihoods of the region depend primarily on those resources. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Mexico? The Government of South Sudan is currently looking for oil investors to develop the oil blocks. 1. However, ongoing conflicts have hindered any exploration work. [see also: Land use - … The Parentheses Gossan formation is mined in Eriab area which is situated on the eastern parts of mount Nuba. It produces 140,000 barrels per day and is expected to pump 350,000 barrels per day by the end of next year. By Geoffrey Migiro on August 22 2019 in Economics. Natural resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower Land use: agricultural land: 100% (2011 est.) National parks Sudan has abundant natural resources, and this has boosted the country’s mining industry. The largest deposit is located approximately 4 kilometers northeast of Kapoeta town. Prior to the introduction of UNICEF’s small bore hand pumps, villagers in western Sudan used to store water in the hollowed trunks of giant baobab trees (Adansonia digitata).In many other parts of the country, water is collected and stored in haffirs , a crude form of water harvesting for domestic, pastoralist and animal use in Darfur and Kordofan. Several deposits of dolomite have also been reported in large quantities in Torit District. South Sudan’s economy is one of the weakest and most underdeveloped in the world. The asbestos fibers reserves at Gouge Zone-Bees reserve have been estimated to be over 53,500 million tons, but some have been mined already. Hmmmmm, Hard to decide where to start. The designations employed and the presentation of the material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Environment Programme and the Higher Council for Environment and Natural The study draws on research and analysis of three key natural resources - petroleum, land, and water - and on commissioned reports, a detailed questionnaire, and consultations with several leading Sudan experts regarding the referendum's implications for peaceful management of these resources. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of South Korea? Sudan is one of the African states which produces Manganese. Minerals • iron ore • Copper • Chromium ore • Zinc • Tungsten • Mica • Silver • Gold. By Gaiballa, A. Karamalla 0F 1. I guess the most important resource is the land itself: We're speaking here about a country that's quite vast (despite the secession) and big parts of it is fertile. 22. 24. Agriculture and Natural Resources. The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. Despite the poverty levels, South Sudan contains many natural resources. The major crops grown in the country include maize, cassava, sorghum, millet, sweet potatoes, fruits, and vegetables. Access to some of these areas has been limited by poor road network and war. The Parties agree to establish a process to resolve this issue. Some of the states with the best known teak and natural trees for timber are Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria.There are teak plantations located at Kegulu; the other, oldest planted forest … Before gaining independence from Sudan, South Sudan produced approximately 85% of Sudanese oil. However, the country does not benefit much from gold mining since most of the gold is quickly smuggled out of the country through the black market. Beneficial ownership. Middle East and North Africa. Like in other Sahelian The marble deposit consisted of 52.6% calcium oxide, 0.8% magnesium oxide, and a sufficient amount of potassium oxide and nitrogen oxide, making the deposits best suited for cement making. Updated as of 2019. The highest concentration is found in the area around Wau at 18%. In 1978, a German cement company discovered about 8 million tons of marble in the areas. [see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks] arable land: 15.7% (2011 est.) One of the major resources of South Sudan is agricultural land. Energy • hydropower. The Asbestos ore in Iqasna was estimated to be over 6,650 million tons. Civil Society Coalition on natural resources is an organization which comprises the trade, petroleum, and mine workers of South Sudan. South Sudan is blessed with vast natural resources which include the following. Hassai gold mine is the only Sudanese mine which produces over 90,000oz/year. South Sudan has a total land area of approximately 644,300 square kilometers. Hassai gold mine also produces Iron ore and base metals. Currently, […] A considerable percentage of Sudan is within River Nile’s catchment basin. A large area extending from Yambio all the way the area bordering South Darfur has proven deposits of iron ore. Our Strategy. 15 April 2019. In the Luri basin in Juba, the value of aluminum is approximately 3.5% in the stream sediment. 2.1 Without prejudice to the position of the Parties with respect to ownership of land and subterranean natural resources, including in Southern Sudan, this Agreement is not intended to address the ownership of those resources. Natural Resource Governance Institute. Chromite is mined at the Ingessana Hills, which has a reserve of over a million tons. Petroleum is Sudan's major natural resource. Gold mining is the main source of income for the people living in the eastern part of South Sudan, especially in the district of Kapoeta where gold digging is the way of life. Some of the primary natural resources which contribute to Sudan’s GDP (gross domestic product) include: Extensive petroleum exploration in Sudan started in the mid-1970s, and this resulted in the discoveries of oil in the Upper Nile region. OUR VISION We dream of a Sudan that is a thriving African economy with educated, engaged citizens and making a positive impact on the world. Debaye Tadesse, Senior Researcher, African Conflict Prevention Programme, ISS Addis Ababa Office The South Sudan Referendum Commission made the final results of the referendum public in Khartoum on February 7, 2011. Ownership of Land and Natural Resources. South Sudan has lost millions of dollars to dubious and illegal miners over the years. ... Resource Governance Index: From Legal Reform to Implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Aluminum deposit is potentially huge in the country. The country is rich in fertile land that can support agriculture and food production. Dr Omer A Egemi, is an expert in natural resource management, land tenure, and resource-based conflicts, especially between farmers and herd-ers, with a focus on the Red Sea, Kordofan, Darfur, Blue Nile, and Upper Nile . Most of the foreign companies have also been scared away by the violence. Natural resources. Strategic Intervention 3. Petroleum reserves in Sudan are estimated to be 21,700 barrels per day (3,450 m 3 /d) River Nile. Oil accounts for 98% of South Sudan’s government revenue. The Ingessana Hills Mines Corporation produces over 10,000 tons of chromite ore annually, and its production doubled in 2014 from 30,870 tons to 61,334 tons. Oil accounts for 98% of South Sudan’s government revenue. Sudan is situated in northern-eastern Africa with a coastline bordering the Red sea. 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