It is less than twenty miles wide in most of the area northwest of Mount Cameroon, which divides the northwestern coastal plain from the broader lowlands in the central coastal area. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; January to April. Decimal coordinates Simple standard. July to September. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { NEXT> 9. 26-09-2016 19:07:21 ZULU. Around Douala, the lowlands extend inland as much as fifty miles, narrowing to as little as five miles farther south. It is roughly triangular in shape, having a wide basin in the south, where it borders Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the People's Republic of the Congo (Congo � formerly, Congo Brazzaville). Many of the borders in 1973 were originally marked out during a century of competition for territory among the colonial powers of Germany, France, and Great Britain. This outline map shows the entire country of Cameroon, a country located in Central Africa. Surface features in the central parts of this high plateau include small hills or mounds capped by granite or gneiss (a type of rock). [11][23][24] Cameroon is the 6th largest producer of cocoa beans in the world, earning $600 million from cocoa exports in 2010 alone. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); A country with an area of approximately 183,500 square miles, Cameroon is often referred to as the hinge between West and Central Africa, as it incorporates many of the physical and human features of both. The country is called " Africa in miniature " for its geological and cultural diversity. #ga-ad {display: none;} Cameroon is often known as "Africa in miniature" because of its geographical and cultural diversity. As there is such a varied terrain in Cameroon, it’s often called “Africa in miniature,” an interesting fact about Cameroon. It experiences two wet and two dry seasons, one long and one short of both. Unique lake deposits where the largest vivianite crystals have been found. 7.3697° N 12.3547° E . Practically all rivers in the other six provinces carry a heavy flow for most of the year; most areas south of 5�N latitude have two rainfall and runoff maxi- mums per year, but the variations in flow are within much narrower limits than those observed on northern streams. Cameroon Area and Population Density. Along the western and, to a lesser degree, the eastern borders, old eruptions from fissures and volcanoes have covered thousands of square miles of the underlying granite with lava. Farther inland, movement is generally not difficult in the savanna grasslands and open forests that mark the central reaches of the border, even though some segments are marked by mountains of moderate elevation. Fishing for Signs of Evolution in Mysterious Volcanic Lakes It is part of Africa and the northern hemisphere. Behind the swamps and the lowlands generally referred to as the southwestern coastal zone, the land rises to mountains and plateaus extending more than 500 miles inland before descending to a flat plain of moderate elevation in the far north. The Adamaoua Plateau, lying between 7�N and 9�N latitude, extends from the eastern to the western border of Cameroon at elevations that are everywhere more than 3,000 feet above sea level and average about 4,500 feet. September to December. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Cameroon. But Cameroon is gifted with diverse socio-cultural, ethnographic, ecological, geographical and anthropological endowments, briefly, a little of everything you want to discover on the African continent. Rich in geographical and cultural diversity. The northern part of the country consists of rolling subarid savanna, gradually sloping to a marshy flood plain along Lake Chad and the Chari and Logone rivers. Both the Sanaga and the Nyong rivers collect runoff from parts of Eastern Province, but most of this very wet forest area is drained by various tributaries of the Sangha River, which for a short distance marks the border with the Congo and then flows southward into the Congo River. Geographic features are the features of things on Earth, and about all the bodies of waters, and landforms where they are, such as Mount Everest is a geographic feature in India. Cameroon is a country in central Africa which borders 6 countries including Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, and Gabon. The country is nicknamed "Little Africa" as geographically, Cameroon consists of coastline, mountains, grass plains, forest, rainforest and desert, all of the geographical regions in Africa in one country. Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the country at 13,500 ft.. 12. Frequent rains in the South (except in December - March and June - August) which are rarer as one travels northwards. It last erupted in 2012. Cameroon can be divided into five geographic zones. Near their mouths the major rivers, which are partially choked by this debris, divide into numerous sluggish channels. From there the elevation of the land rises to around 500 to 600 m in the central Mbang Mountains. Based mainly on its production of natural gas, Cameroon’s economy was predicted by the World Bank to grow by 4.3% in 2020. Size Comparison: slightly larger than California. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); The physical map above illustrates the country of Cameroon, from the low and marshy coastal area in the south to shores of Lake Chad in the extreme north. When does it experience its long wet season? The densely forested coastal plain of the country stretching inland from the Gulf of Guinea is around 20 to 80 km wide. Three primary watershed ridgelines divide the country: the centrally located Adamaoua Plateau, a poorly defined north-south ridgeline in Eastern Province, and the Cameroon Mountains. December to March. Because of the geographical and cultural diversity of Cameroon, it is often referred to as “Africa in miniature” and as “the hinge of Africa”. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Cameroon is an interesting place to visit mainly because of its diversity. One of the major geographical features is the South Cameroon Plateau. In 1922 and 1959 molten lava flowed several miles, destroying plantations on the lower slopes. You may be surprised to learn that it is (Mount Cameroon) also the only active volcano in the country. ... 1961 - Britain's Cameroons colonies divide between Cameroon and Nigeria after a … Image credit – Elin B 11. Broad areas of low, rolling hills bear little vegetation on their thin soils; other areas are flat, marked here and there by scattered outcrops or hills of resistant rock rising above the general erosional level. The country is sparsely populated, however, with merely 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world for population density.. Largest Cities in Cameroon Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Physical Features of Cameroon: Cameroon is a country located in West Africa. The northernmost area of the country extends into Lake Chad, where the borders of Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon intersect. The Cameroon-Nigeria boundary extends generally northeastward from the coastline for 1,050 miles to a tripoint in Lake Chad, deep in north-central Africa. Various segments were originally established through agreements between former colonial powers or by unilateral decisions of the British government, which controlled areas on both sides of this border until after World War II. From these coastal flats the plains rise very gradually to about 300 feet above sea level. Significant rivers include the Dja, Nyong, and Sanaga. In the far southwest, on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea, Cameroon is mountainous. Cameroon can be described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major geographic features of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savannah grassland, and ocean coastland. Semi-Autonomous regions that are subdivided into 58 divisions its geological and cultural diversity of the Congo Equatorial... 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